The Lacey Act
- The Lacey Act was introduced in the US in 1900, to ban the transport of illegally captured animals or wildlife products across US state lines or international borders.
- In 2008, the US Congress passed an amendment to the Act, extending its scope to include timber, paper and other forest products. This amendment also sets out penalties for those found guilty of trading in illegal forest products.
- The requirements are valid throughout the US supply chain. It is illegal for anyone in the US to import, export, transport, sell, receive, acquire or purchase illegally sourced forest products.
Australian Illegal Logging Prohibition Act 2012
- The Illegal Logging Prohibition Act 2012 aims to combat trade in illegally logged timber products in Australia. This legislation only places requirements on Australian businesses, and establishes equal treatment for suppliers of timber, regardless of nationality.
- The Act bans the import of illegally logged timber and timber products into Australia, and prohibits the processing of Australian-grown logs that have been illegally harvested. It establishes comprehensive monitoring and investigation powers, and sets out penalties for Australian businesses that do not comply with the Act.
- The legislation comes in two parts: primary legislation and detailed regulations. The detailed regulations, including due diligence requirements, will come into force in 2014.